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guidance on ingredient selection  

advice summary colour key :

Formulator should optimise during product design means that, although there are adequate margins of safety for both humans and the
environment, the formulator should optimise the use of each ingredient to produce the most sustainable formulation for the cleaning task.
Guidance highlighted in amber means that there are important choices to be made.
Guidance highlighted in red means that these ingredients should not be used.
 
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advice summary
Phosphates
Formulator should optimise during product design
Phosphonates
Formulator should optimise during product design
Anionic surfactants
Cationic surfactants
Amphoteric surfactants
Non-ionic surfactants
Formulator should optimise during product design
Oxygen-based bleaching agents
Formulator should optimise during product design
Chlorine-based bleaching agents
Formulator should optimise during product design
EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) and its salts
Use should be justified for specific applications
NTA (nitrilotriacetic acid)
and its salts
Consider using alternatives where exposure is less controlled
Phenols and halogenated phenols
Only ingredients that continue to be supported under the Biocidal Products Directive (BPD) should be used
Paradichlorobenzene
Should not be used
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Use should be justified for specific applications
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
Use should be justified for specific applications
Halogenated hydrocarbons
Use should be justified for specific applications
Soap
Formulator should optimise during product design
Zeolites
Formulator should optimise during product design
Polycarboxylates
Formulator should optimise during product design
Enzymes
Formulator should optimise during product design
Disinfectants / biocides
Only ingredients that continue to be supported under the BPD should be used
Optical brighteners
Formulator should optimise during product design
function and issues Optical Brightening Agents (OBAs) are used in detergents to maintain brightness and counter yellowing of fabrics with age, thus prolonging life. There are concerns that they are poorly biodegradable and little degraded in sewage treatment works. It is sometimes suggested they may be potentially bioaccumulating.
guidance for procurement The OBAs used in detergents are partly removed in sewage works by adsorption to sludge. The remainder degrades in the aquatic environment, notably by photodegradation followed by biodegradation of the initial breakdown products. They are water soluble so will not bioaccumulate. Environmental monitoring studies and HERA risk assessments show no risk for the environment.
 
Perfumes, including phthalates & musks
Nitro-musks in products should be substituted
Alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs)
Cleaning products containing APEs should not be used
Preservatives
Only ingredients that continue to be supported under the BPD should be used
Colouring agents
Formulator should optimise during product design
VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds)
Low VOC products should be preferred where possible
Glycol ethers
Formulator should optimise during product design